Brexit – Frequently asked questions

General 

There seems to be a lot of information available on Brexit. Where can I find the most relevant information?

Finnish Prime Minister's Office is responsible for Brexit coordination and has compiled information on Brexit. These pages offer information, for example, on the negotiation process and the withdrawal agreement and on how UK and Finnish citizens and businesses should prepare for the UK's withdrawal from the EU. Read more here: Information about Brexit.Link to another website. 

Where can I find the correct ministry and contact to help with my question?

You can find contact details for Brexit experts at different ministries in Finland here: Brexit experts at the ministries and the contact informationLink to another website.. Each ministry is responsible for dealing with the aspects of Brexit that affect its administrative branch. Brexit experts at the ministries answer to questions relating to the UK’s withdrawal from the EU or forward questions to other experts. 

Moving and living

I am a Finnish citizen permanently living in the UK. Should I apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to register my right to stay in the UK?

Almost all EU citizens residing in the UK before the withdrawal date, along with their family members, will have to apply via the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme for a new residence permit if they wish to continue living in the UK after 31 December 2020. The EU Settlement Scheme applies to EU citizens and their family members who arrived in the UK before 1 January 2021. EU citizens and their family members must submit an application for a new residence permit via the EU Settlement Scheme registration system by 30 June 2021. Otherwise, your residence in the UK could become unlawful. The application is free of charge. 

All Finnish citizens and their family members residing in the UK are invited to apply for a new residence permit via the EU Settlement Scheme as soon as possible if they have not already done so and they intend to continue residing in the UK after 31 December 2020. 

Information on the citizens' rights in the withdrawal agreement can be found here: Summary of the provisions of the withdrawal agreement on citizens’ rightsLink to another website.

For information about the rights and status of EU citizens in the UK and about registration, please go to the Home Office website: Stay in the UK after it leaves the EU ('settled status')Link to another website.

In general, EU citizens with Pre-Settled status can absent from the UK up to six months in total during any 12-month period. There are limited exceptions to this rule. In some limited situations, the coronavirus pandemic might justify one longer absence of 6 to 12 months. Please see the Home Office’s guidanceLink to another website. for more information. If you are not sure whether you meet the requirements or have been absent from the country for a long time, you can contact the EU Settlement Resolution Centre for expert advice and assistance. You are still certainly eligible to apply for the new residence status for EU citizens, as long as you return to the UK by 31 December 2020.

For advice on the EU Settlement Scheme, call the EU Settlement Resolution Centre, tel. 0300 123 7379 (in the UK) or +44 203 080 0010 (outside the UK).
Monday to Friday 8.00–20.00, Saturday and Sunday 9.30–16.30
Contact formLink to another website. 

You can also subscribe to the Home Office email alerts on the status of EU citizens: Gov.uk:Link to another website. Status of EU nationals in the UK – email alertsLink to another website.

For the contact details of official and registered Immigration Advisers, please go to Find an Immigration AdviserLink to another website..

Here you can find the EU Delegation’s list of free support available for EU citizensLink to another website., answers to frequently asked questionsLink to another website., and information leaflets about EU Settlement Scheme:

It may be possible for you to apply for a new residence status under the EUSS from abroad. You can find more information hereLink to another website.. Please note, that if you have not been living in the UK for over 5 years continuously, in other words, you are applying for the Pre-Settled status, the applicants must usually be able to prove that they have been in the UK at least one day in the last six months. You can find here a guidanceLink to another website. on how to provide evidence that you have been living in the UK if the application system cannot confirm this through an automated check.

What is the permanent residence document for EU citizens? How does it differ from the EU Settlement Scheme?

Until the UK's withdrawal from the EU, a Finnish citizen who lived permanently in the UK under certain conditions for at least five years was able to register his or her permanent residence document. This is based on EU legislation and may be useful if you want to apply for UK citizenship, for example. This is different from the EU Settlement Scheme registration system. If you wish to continue living in the UK after 31 December 2020, you must apply via the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme for a new residence status – even if you have previously received 'a registration certificate' or 'a permanent residence document'. 

For information about the rights and status of EU citizens in the UK and about registration, please go to the Home Office website: Stay in the UK after it leaves the EU ('settled status')Link to another website.

Information on the citizens' rights in the withdrawal agreement can be found here: Summary of the provisions of the withdrawal agreement on citizens’ rightsLink to another website..  

Do I have to apply for the settled status even if I have lived in the UK for decades and I have ILR – Indefinite Leave to Remain? 

Even though you have an older status such as the Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR), it is still helpful to apply for a new residence status under the EUSS to better ensure your rights. The new digital status will also make it easier for you to prove your immigration status. You can ask your family members, close friends or the Finnish Church in London for help in the EU Settlement Scheme application process. You can also search for support services near you by entering your postcode on GOV.UK: Get help applying to the EU Settlement SchemeLink to another website.

If you decide not to apply for a new residence status under the EUSS, please make sure that your Indefinite Leave to Remain is still valid today and has not been lost or has lapsed because of spending a long time outside of the UK. If you are not sure whether you hold valid Indefinite Leave to Remain or are worried about losing your proof of this status, the best option is to submit an application. The application is completely free of charge.

You can find more information on the leaflet published by the EU Delegation: Brexit: What do you need to know as a senior EU citizen living in the UKLink to another website.

 

Do children under 18 also have to apply for Settled Status?

Yes. Each child must have their own application. The parents can apply for their child or they can apply for themselves.

If your child has been born in the UK but they are not a UK citizen, they have to apply the residence status for EU citizens under the EU Settlement Scheme. 

For information about the rights and status of EU citizens in the UK and about registration, go to the Home Office website: Stay in the UK after it leaves the EU ('settled status')Link to another website.

You can also find more information on the leaflet for parents published by the EU Delegation: Brexit: What you need to know if your child is an EU citizen or if your child is not an EU citizen but you areLink to another website..

I am a Finnish citizen about to move to the UK. What should I take into account regarding the UK’s exit from the EU?

For the rules for entering the UK, please go to Gov.uk:Link to another website. Entering the UKLink to another website.. For more information, please contact the British Embassy in Helsinki: Gov.uk:Link to another website. British Embassy in HelsinkiLink to another website..

The United Kingdom has left the EU internal market on 1 January 2021, ending the free movement of people, goods, services and capital. Almost all EU citizens residing in the UK before the withdrawal date, along with their family members, will have to apply via the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme for a new residence status if they wish to continue living in the UK after 31 December 2020. The EU Settlement Scheme applies to EU citizens and their family members who arrived in the UK before 1 January 2021. EU citizens and their family members must submit an application for a new residence status via the EU Settlement Scheme registration system by 30 June 2021. Otherwise, your residence in the UK could became unlawful. The application is free of charge. 

Information on the citizens' rights in the Withdrawal Agreement can be found here: Summary of the provisions of the withdrawal agreement on citizens’ rightsLink to another website..  

At the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020, the free movement of EU citizens to the UK has ended and restrictions have been put to place on the entry and rights of EU citizens arriving in the country. From 1st January 2021, the provisions on third-country nationals will be applied on entry. The UK has introduced a new point-based immigration system from 1.1.2021.  The Student visa routeLink to another website. opened for applications on 5 October 2020 and the majority of other routes, such as the Skilled Worker visaLink to another website., opened on 1 December 2020. The Graduate visa will open in summer 2021 to international students.

More information about the new immigration system: The UK’s point-based immigration system: information for EU citizens.Link to another website.

When travelling or moving abroad, please always read the travel advice for your destination and ensure that your travel documents are valid. Also, please submit a travel notification and make sure that you have a comprehensive travel insurance. Read more: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Entering Finland and travelling abroad. 

I am a UK citizen permanently living in Finland. Should I register my right to stay in Finland?

The Finnish Immigration Service advises UK citizens who live permanently in Finland to register their right of residence in Finland as soon as possible, if they have not done so already. Instructions for registration and further information: Finnish Immigration Service:Link to another website. Latest information on BrexitLink to another website..

All UK citizens must apply for the new status under the Brexit agreement – also if you have a certificate of right of permanent residence for an EU citizen. Read more: Finnish Immigration Service: If you are a UK citizen, you must apply for the permanent right of residence referred to in the Brexit agreement even if you have a permanent right of residence for an EU citizenLink to another website..

Healthcare, social security and benefits

I am a Finnish citizen who has moved to the UK before the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020. I am covered by the UK social security system. How can I access healthcare when travelling to EU countries, for example Finland?

If you are a Finnish citizen and have moved to the UK before the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020, you may be eligible for a new UK-issued European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). The card is free of charge. You can find more information on the National Health Service’s (NHS) websiteLink to another website.. There is no deadline on applications, but you should apply for your new EHIC ahead of your next trip.

The new EHIC provides the same entitlements as the old card. The new EHIC will also cover medically necessary treatment when visiting Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland from 1 January 2021 onwards, unlike the old UK-issued EHICs and the new UK Global Health Insurance Cards (GHIC). However, please note that the new EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance.

You might have to prove your eligibility for the new EHIC, for example with Pre-Settled or Settled Status granted under the EU Settlement Scheme. Dual nationals and those EU citizens who do not require EUSS status will be able to provide other evidence that they are eligible.

If your new EHIC does not arrive before your trip, but you are eligible for it, you can obtain a Provisional Replacement Certificate (PRC). You cannot request a PRC before your trip, as it can only be requested at the point of requiring care. Please contact NHS Business Services Authority on +44 191 218 1999 should you require a PRC.

How does Brexit affect the access to healthcare when travelling to the UK?

The right to access healthcare under the EU legislation ended on 31 December 2020 when the transition period ended. You can no longer use your passport to prove your right to medically necessary treatment in the UK.

The new EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement lays down provisions for healthcare. Based on these, persons travelling to and temporarily staying in the UK are entitled to essential medical care. Care is provided under the same conditions as for local residents. Persons can demonstrate their right to care using a European Health Insurance Card issued by Kela.Link to another website. Further information: Getting healthcare in EnglandLink to another website. and Kela/BrexitLink to another website..

However, the withdrawal agreement will continue to guarantee the right to medical care for those persons who have moved from an EU Member State to the UK before 1 January 2021. These persons include: Students continuing their studies in the UK; posted workers continuing their work in the UK, along with their family members. These persons are entitled to essential care under the same conditions as local residents. They can demonstrate their rights using a provisional replacement certificate for the European Health Insurance Card, which KelaLink to another website. will provide on request (international situations phone number).

Further information:

Kela: Information about BrexitLink to another website.

Kela: European Health Insurance CardLink to another website.

UK Government: Healthcare for visitors to the UK from the EU from 1 January 2021Link to another website.

European Commission: Questions & Answers: EU-UK Trade and Cooperation AgreementLink to another website.

When travelling abroad, always remember to take a comprehensive travel insurance, familiarise yourself with the travel recommendation for your destination country, check the validity of your travel document and make a travel notification at matkustusilmoitus.fiLink to another website..

I am a Finnish citizen and receive pension from Finland. I am about to move to the UK. Will I receive my Finnish pension in the UK?

Please contact the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) to see if you are entitled to the Finnish social security, old-age pension or disability pension. For Kela’s information and contact details, please go to Kela:Link to another website. International situationsLink to another website.. Read more: Kela: Information about Brexit and what it means for the social security benefits available from KelaLink to another website.

Regarding Finnish earnings-related pensions, contact the Finnish Centre for Pensions. For the Centre’s contact details, go to Contact informationLink to another website.. Read more: Finnish Centre for Pensions: Link to another website.Brexit would affect our servicesLink to another website.

I am an exchange student in the UK and I have received a decision that I am covered by the Finnish social security. Will this cover continue?

Please contact Kela to see whether you are entitled to Finnish social security. For Kela’s information and contact details, please go to Kela:Link to another website. International situationsLink to another website.. Read more: Kela: Information about Brexit and what it means for the social security benefits available from KelaLink to another website.

Studying 

I am a Finnish citizen studying in the UK. What should I do to continue my studies?

Almost all EU citizens residing in the UK before the withdrawal date, along with their family members, will have to apply via the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme for a new residence status if they wish to continue living in the UK after 31 December 2020. The EU Settlement Scheme applies to EU citizens and their family members who arrived in the UK before 1 January 2021. 

All Finnish citizens and their family members residing in the UK are invited to apply for a new residence status via the EU Settlement Scheme as soon as possible if they have not already done so and they intend to continue residing in the UK after 31 December 2020. EU citizens and their family members must submit an application for a new residence status via the EU Settlement Scheme registration system by 30 June 2021. Otherwise, your residence in the UK might become unlawful. The application is free of charge. 

For information about the rights and status of EU citizens in the UK and about registration, go to the Home Office website: Stay in the UK after it leaves the EU ('settled status')Link to another website.

For more information on higher education, go to the website of the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service: UCASLink to another website. and UKCISALink to another website. (UK Council for International Student Affairs. UKCISA's website also has information on how Brexit affects studies in the UK: Brexit: immigration, fees and student support for when you arriveLink to another website..

You can watch the recording of the EU Delegation’s info session for students about EU Settlement Scheme here.Link to another website.

You can find question and answers regarding Brexit and the Covid-19 pandemic on the EU Delegation’s webiste: What you need to know as an EU/EFA citizen living in the UK.Link to another website.

Students from EU countries are required to have comprehensive sickness insurance throughout their studies.  Having an EHIC satisfies this requirement. Arrangements for after the end of the transition period will be announced later. More information can be found for example on UKCISA’s website: Healthcare in the UK for EU, EEA and Swiss studentsLink to another website.. You are eligible to apply for a new residence status under the EU Settlement Scheme even if you do not have comprehensive sickness insurance yet.

You can find more information on Brexit on Prime Minister’s office’s website: Information about BrexitLink to another website..

Please contact the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) to see if you are entitled to the Finnish social security benefits during your studies: Kela:Link to another website. International situationsLink to another website.. Read more: Kela: Information about Brexit and what it means for the social security benefits available from KelaLink to another website.

 

I am a Finnish citizen studying in the UK. I have returned to Finland due to the Covid-19 pandemic to study online. Do I also have to apply for a status under the EU Settlement Scheme? Can I apply for it from Finland?

If you have moved to the UK by 31 December 2020 and will continue your residence after 1 January 2021, you have to apply for a new residence status for EU citizens under the EU Settlement Scheme. You should apply for a status by 30 June 2021. Please note that the free movement ended on 31 December 2020 and from 1 January 2021 onwards students will need a student visaLink to another website. to move to the UK.

In general, EU citizens with Pre-Settled status can absent from the UK up to six months (one long absence or several shorter ones) during any 12-month period. There are limited exceptions to this rule. The Home office has published a guidanceLink to another website. on the absences caused by the coronavirus pandemic. If you are planning to study online outside of the UK for more than 6 months in total in any 12-month period, please first check with the EU Settlement Resolution Centre whether your situation makes you eligible for one extended absence between 6 and 12 months. If you have unpermitted absences, you cannot apply for Settled Status later on.

Contact details for the EU Settlement Resolution Centre:

Tel. 0300 123 7379 (in the UK) or +44 203 080 0010 (outside the UK).
Monday to Friday 8.00–20.00, Saturday and Sunday 9.30–16.30
Contact formLink to another website. 

You can find questions and answers regarding Brexit and the Covid-19 pandemic on the EU delegation’s webiste: What you need to know as an EU/EFA citizen living in the UK.Link to another website.

HereLink to another website. you can find information about applying for a residence status from abroad.

You can find here a guidanceLink to another website. on how to provide evidence that you have been living in the UK if the application system cannot confirm this through an automated check.

Please note that if you began your studies entirely online due to the Covid-19 pandemic during the autumn term 2020, you would have had to move to the UK by 31 December 2020 to be eligible to apply for the residence status for EU citizens under the EU Settlement Scheme. If you are planning to move to the UK later on, you must apply for a student visaLink to another website. under the new point-based immigration system.

 

I am a Finnish citizen planning to start my studies in the UK after the end of the transition period. What are the things I should take into consideration?

At the end of the transitional period on 31 December 2020, the free movement of EU citizens to the UK has ended and restrictions have been put to place on the entry and rights of EU citizens arriving in the country. From then on, the provisions on third-country nationals will be applied on entry. The UK has introduced a new point-based immigration system from 1 January 2021. You can find more information about the new immigration system hereLink to another website..

The application for student visas has already opened. Please find more information about the student visaLink to another website. and an information brochure for EU citizensLink to another website. on UK government’s Website. 

Students, who have began their studies during the term 2020-2021 or earlier have a right to finish their degrees according to the current term fees and the terms of student loans. They will maintain the “home fee” -status.

It is still unclear how Brexit will affect the term fees and terms of loans for students starting their studies later. It is expected that these fees will become more expensive for EU citizens, with possible variation with in the UK. Brexit will not affect the student support for Finnish students by the Finnish state during the transition period. In addition, the student’s right to healthcare care and reimbursements for medical costs during their temporary residence will continue until 31 December 2020.

For more information on higher education, go to the website of the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service: UCASLink to another website. and UKCISALink to another website. (UK Council for International Student Affairs. UKCISA's website also has information on how Brexit affects studies in the UK: Brexit: immigration, fees and student support for when you arriveLink to another website..

Can apply for Erasmus Exchange Program from Finland to the UK?

The UK will take part in the 2020 application period of EU Erasmus+ program as per usual. The students applying or receiving funding from the current Erasmus+ programme will be able to finish their study abroad period normally, even if they would extend over the end of the transition period. In accordance, Erasmus+ periods abroad will take place normally if they start before 31 December 2020 and continue to the next year. This applies to the periods Finnish citizens spend abroad in the UK and periods UK citizens spend in other countries as part of the Erasmus+ programme.

Travelling 

I am a Finnish citizen and about to travel to the UK. How long does my passport have to be valid and do I need a visa?

For the rules for entering the UK, go to Gov.uk:Link to another website. Entering the UKLink to another website.. When travelling to the UK, your Finnish passport or ID card has to be valid for the duration of your trip, and Finnish citizens do not need a visa.

According to the current information, starting from 1 January 2021 EU citizens can visit UK visa free up to six months. You will not be able to use your national ID card to enter the UK from 1 October 2021 and will need a passport instead. EU citizens with a new residence status under the EU Settlement Scheme and frontier workers are exempt and can continue using their national ID card for travelling at least until 31 December 2025.

For more information about travelling to the UK after 1 January 2021, please see Visiting the UK from 1 January 2021Link to another website. and The UK's points-based immigration system:  An introduction for EU visitorsLink to another website..

When travelling abroad, please always read the travel advice for your destination and ensure that your travel documents are valid. Also, please submit a travel notification and make sure that you have a comprehensive travel insurance. Read more: https://um.fi/entering-finland-and-travelling-abroadLink to another website..

Can I travel to the UK using my Finnish ID card?

An ID card can be used as a travel document instead of a passport when travelling in EU and EEA countries. Read more: Police:Link to another website. Use of the ID cardLink to another website.. At the moment, when travelling to the UK, your Finnish ID card or passport only has to be valid for the duration of your trip, and Finnish citizens do not need a visa.

You will not be able to use your national ID card to enter the UK from 1 October 2021 and will need a passport instead. EU citizens with a new residence status under the EU Settlement Scheme and frontier workers are exempt and can continue using their national ID card for travelling at least until 31 December 2025.

For more information about travelling to the UK after 1.1.2021, please see Visiting the UK from 1 January 2021Link to another website. and The UK's points-based immigration system:  An introduction for EU visitorsLink to another website..

For the rules for entering the UK, go to Gov.uk:Link to another website. Entering the UKLink to another website.. For more information, please contact the British Embassy in Helsinki: Gov.uk:Link to another website. British Embassy in HelsinkiLink to another website..

When travelling abroad, please always read the travel advice for your destination and ensure that your travel documents are valid. Also, please submit a travel notification and make sure that you have a comprehensive travel insurance. Read more: https://um.fi/entering-finland-and-travelling-abroadLink to another website..

I am a citizen of a third country and a family member an EU citizen. I have a residence permit under the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme. Do I need a visa when I travel to Finland?

A residence status document under the UK’s new EU Settlement Scheme does not entitle family members of an EU citizen who are not EU citizens themselves to visa-free travel in the EU countries.

You must apply for a visa when travelling to Finland, if:

  • you are a family member of an EU citizen but you are not an EU citizen yourself;
  • you have a visa requirement when travelling to the EU, and
  • you only hold a residence permit document under the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme. 
     

I am a UK citizen and about to travel to Finland. How long does my passport have to be valid and do I need a visa?

According to the current information, UK citizens can travel visa free to EU countries for 90 days within 180-day period. Finland does not require UK citizens to obtain a visa when travelling for business.

You can travel to Finland if you have a passport, which is valid for the duration of your stay in the country.

Read more about the travel documents approved by Finland: Visa requirements and travel documents accepted by Finland.Link to another website.

I am travelling between EU and the UK with my pet. What should I take into account?

The conditions of travelling with a pet animal between the EU and UK depend on the negotiations of the relations, which are still ongoing (26 Nov). According to the current information by Europe Information service, pet cats, dogs and frets brought to the EU from the UK will most likely require a vaccination against rabies. In addition, dogs must have been medicated for Echinococcus Multilocularis. Before travelling, please refer to Finnish Food Authority’s websiteLink to another website. for requirements for movement of animals. When travelling with a pet from outside the EU, there are limited approved points of entry to Finland. More information on Finnish Custom’s website: Travelling with your petLink to another website..

The UK-based pet passport will no longer be valid after 1 January 2021 in the European Union. Pets imported from the UK to the EU will be required a health certificate [SE1] similar to other third countries. A pet passport issued in Northern Ireland will continue to be valid in the EU. UK officials have yet to announce their requirements for importing animals from EU countries. HereLink to another website. you can find information for travelling to UK after 1 January 2020 by UK officials.

Driving licences 

Can I use my Finnish driving licence in the UK?

For information on the validity of foreign driving licences in the UK, contact the DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency): Gov.uk:Link to another website. Driving in the UK and abroadLink to another website. and Gov.uk:Link to another website. Contact the DVLALink to another website..

There might be changes to the rules related to driving licences and vehicle insurance after the transition period. Check the validity of your insurance and the necessary documents before you travel.

If you plan to rent a car in the UK, you should also contact the rental company directly. Car rental companies may have more comprehensive driving licence restrictions or age limits, for example.

More information on the use of foreign driving licences in the UK and the vehicle insurance requirements: Guidance – Visiting the UK after Brexit: Driving in the UK (gov.uk).Link to another website.

According to UK officials, visitors with a non-UK driving licence are able to drive in the UK. You do not need an international driving permit (IDP).

Visitors are able to drive any vehicle permitted in their driver’s licence. When driving one’s own car, drivers must be able to prove the validity of the vehicle’s insurance with Green card or other valid proof of insurance.

Permanent residents in the UK can continue using their current driver’s license after the end of Brexit transition period. Those who have settled to the UK before the age of 67 can continue driving with their EU-based driver’s licence until they turn 70 or until the licence expires, whichever is more limiting. Those who have settled to UK after turning 67, can continue using their EU-based driver’s licence to maximum three years, or until the licence expires, whichever is more limiting.

I am a Finnish citizen but I have a UK driving licence. Can I exchange my UK licence for a Finnish one when I move back to Finland?

For information on the validity of foreign driving licences in Finland and on exchanging a foreign licence for a Finnish one, visit the Traficom website: Traficom:Link to another website. Validity of foreign driving licences in FinlandLink to another website. and Traficom: Exchanging a foreign driving licence for a Finnish licenceLink to another website.

According to Traficom, all driving licenses issued in states recognised by Finland are valid for driving in mainland in Finland. However, the foreign driving licence is not valid for driving in Finland, if the holder was permanently living in Finland when the license was issued.

Driver’s licenses issued in states recognized by Finland can be exchanged for a Finnish license two years after the driver has permanently moved to Finland, when the lisence expires. All foreign driver’s license can be exchanged to Finnish ones with conditions.


Citizenship 

I am a Finnish citizen who has been residing permanently in the UK for many years. Can I get UK citizenship?

For information on the requirements for acquiring UK citizenship and the application process, please contact the UK authorities. More information: Gov.uk:Link to another website. Become a British citizenLink to another website..
 

Will I lose my Finnish citizenship if I get UK citizenship?

No, you will not lose your Finnish citizenship. The Finnish Nationality Act allows dual and multiple citizenship. A new Nationality Act with less stringent requirements for dual citizenship entered into force on 1 June 2003.

However, it is important to remember that a Finnish citizen who also holds the citizenship of a foreign state can lose their Finnish citizenship automatically at the age of 22 years if the individual does not have a sufficient connection to Finland. An individual can retain their Finnish citizenship if they are deemed to have a sufficient connection to Finland. A sufficient connection to Finland can be demonstrated by e.g. applying for a passport or providing notice in writing of their wish to retain their Finnish citizenship.

Maintaining accurate citizenship information in the population register is the responsibility of the individual, and changes in citizenship information must be registered in the population register.

See the Finnish Immigration Service for more information: https://migri.fi/en/permits-and-citizenshipLink to another website.
 

I have lost my Finnish citizenship. Can I get my Finnish citizenship back?

Yes. If you are a former Finnish citizen, you can acquire Finnish citizenship by declaration. An underage child in your custody will also receive Finnish citizenship if they are included as a co-applicant in your declaration.

However, it is not possible to acquire citizenship by declaration based only on the fact that you are a descendant of a former Finnish citizen. If you would like to find out whether you are a current or former Finnish citizen, you can ask the Finnish Immigration Service to determine your citizenship status.

See the Finnish Immigration Service for more information: https://migri.fi/en/permits-and-citizenshipLink to another website.
 

How can I find out if I am eligible for Finnish citizenship based on family relations?

You can ask the Finnish Immigration Service to determine your citizenship status. Citizenship status refers to a person’s current and previous citizenship, statelessness and unknown citizenship.

See the Finnish Immigration Service for more information: https://migri.fi/en/permits-and-citizenshipLink to another website.
 

I am a Finnish citizen who has lived for X years in the UK. I would like to move back to Finland. What do I have to do?

A Finnish citizen who has lived abroad can return freely to their home country. Upon returning to Finland, you must submit a notification of move to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency. Kela will decide at what point you will be covered by the Finnish social security system after your return.

More information:The Digital and Population Data Services Agency: Notification of moveLink to another website.(Opens New Window) and Kela: International situationsLink to another website.

I am a UK citizen. Can I get Finnish citizenship?

Finnish citizenship can generally be acquired based on birth, by either declaration or application. More information about registering a child born abroad and making a declaration of citizenship is available on the Finnish Embassy’s website: Citizenship. For information on applying for citizenship, visit the website of the Finnish Immigration Service: Finnish citizenshipLink to another website..
 

Working

I am working or planning to work in the UK after Brexit. What should I take into account?

Almost all EU citizens residing in the UK before the withdrawal date, along with their family members, will have to apply via the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme for a new residence permit if they wish to continue living in the UK after 31 December 2020. The EU Settlement Scheme applies to EU citizens and their family members who arrived in the UK before 1 January 2021. The residence status will ensure the right to work for EU citizens.

All Finnish citizens and their family members residing in the UK are invited to apply for a new residence permit via the EU Settlement Scheme as soon as possible if they have not already done so and they intend to continue residing in the UK after 31 December 2020. EU citizens and their family members must submit an application for a new residence permit via the EU Settlement Scheme registration system by 30 June 2021. Otherwise, your residence in the UK could became unlawful. The application is free of charge. 

Those EU citizens who have moved to the UK before the end of the transition period can still use their passport or national ID card to prove their right to work until 30 June 2021. After that, employers can ask EU citizens to prove their right to work with their new residence status under the EUSS. You can find the guidance for employers here: Employing EU citizens in the UKLink to another website.

At the end of the transitional period on 31 December 2020, the free movement of EU citizens to the UK has ended and restrictions are being put to place on the entry and rights of EU citizens arriving in the country. From then on, the provisions on third-country nationals will be applied on entry. The UK has introduced a new point-based immigration system from 1.1.2021.  The Student visa routeLink to another website. opened for applications on 5 October 2020 and the majority of other routes, such as the Skilled Worker visaLink to another website., opened on 1 December 2020. The Graduate visa will open in summer 2021 to international students. More information about the new immigration system: The UK’s point-based immigration system: information for EU citizens.Link to another website.

Business 

I represent a Finnish company which operates in the UK, and I'm worried about how Brexit might affect my company. Where do I find more information about Brexit and how to prepare for it? 

Although the EU and the UK concluded negotiations on a trade and cooperation agreement on 24.12.2020, 
there are changes to the agreement. Companies are required to adapt to the new situation.

The Trade and Cooperation Agreement is comprehensive and provides, among other things, 
duty-free and quota free access to the markets of the Parties for certain products, provided that the rules of origin are met. 

At the same time, the EU and the UK will differentiate from 1.1.2021 into two different regulatory and judicial and customs areas. 
Changes are expected, for example in relation to taxation, customs procedures and labour mobility.

You can find more information on Brexit via the links below. More specific information on sectors and products is
available on the websites of the European Commission and the British Government:

 Our Team Finland network is happy to help with questions related to Brexit.

We are happy to answer any other questions you may have. You can find the contact details of the Embassy of Finland in the UK here.