Visa and residence permit of a Finnish citizen's family member
In accordance with section 37 of the Aliens Act (Ulkomaalaislaki 301/2004), a Finnish citizen's foreign family members are:
- the spouse of a Finnish citizen
- a person in a registered partnership with a Finnish citizen
- an unmarried child under 18 years of age, whose guardian or the spouse of the guardian resides in Finland
- if the person residing in Finland is a minor, his or her guardian is the family member
Persons living in a marriage-like relationship and sharing the same household are comparable to a married couple regardless of their sex, provided that they have lived together for at least two years. The two-year requirement does not apply if the persons have a child in their joint custody or if there are other weighty reasons.
Residence permit application by a family member who is a visa national
If you are a family member of a Finnish citizen and you intend to travel to Finland for a period of time exceeding three months, please follow the instructions in paragraph 1 or 2:.
- Apply for a residence permit at a Finnish mission either in your home country or in the country of departure where you have a legal residence well in advance. The residence permit application must be submitted in person. Read more about the application of a residence permit at the Finnish Immigration Service website.
Residence permit application by a family member who is exempt from the visa requirement
If you do not need a visa to Finland, you can stay in the country for a maximum of 90 days.
If you are a Finnish citizen's family member and you intend to travel to Finland for a longer stay than three months, you can apply for a residence permit in advance at a Finnish mission.
You can submit a residence permit application at the Finnish Immigration Service, too.